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Abstract Title:

Nobiletin protects human retinal pigment epithelial cells from hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative damage.

Abstract Source:

J Biochem Mol Toxicol. 2018 Apr 24:e22052. Epub 2018 Apr 24. PMID: 29687528

Abstract Author(s):

Libin Liu, Xing Wei Wu

Article Affiliation:

Libin Liu

Abstract:

Nobiletin (3',4',5,6,7,8-hexamethoxyflavone), a dietary polymethoxylated flavonoid found in Citrus fruits, has been reported to have antioxidant effect. However, the effect of nobiletin on human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells induced by hydrogen peroxide (HO) is still unclear. Therefore, we investigated the protective effect of nobiletin against HO-induced cell death in RPE cells. Our results demonstrated that nobiletin significantly increased cell viability from oxidative stress. Nobiletin inhibited HO-induced ROS production and caspase-3/7 activity in ARPE-19 cells. Furthermore, nobiletin significantly increased Akt phosphorylation in ARPE-19 cells exposed to HO. Meanwhile, LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3K/Akt, abolished the protective effect of nobiletin against HO-induced decreased cell viability and increased caspase-3/7 activity in ARPE-19 cells. In summary, these data show that nobiletin protects RPE cells against oxidative stress through activation of the Akt-signaling pathway. Thus, nobiletin should be an oxidant that attenuates the development of age-related macular degeneration.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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