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Abstract Title:

Nobiletin inhibits invasion via inhibiting AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin signaling pathway in Slug-expressing glioma cells.

Abstract Source:

Oncol Rep. 2017 May ;37(5):2847-2856. Epub 2017 Mar 23. PMID: 28339056

Abstract Author(s):

Xiang Zhang, Kebin Zheng, Chunhui Li, Yonghui Zhao, Heyang Li, Xuguang Liu, Yinbo Long, Junchao Yao

Article Affiliation:

Xiang Zhang

Abstract:

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a pivotal event in tumor progression during which cancer cells undergo dramatic changes acquiring highly invasive properties. In this study, we found that nobiletin, a polymethoxylated flavone, suppressed migration and invasion in both U87 and U251 glioma cells. Expression of epithelial markers (E-cadherin and occludin) was upregulated; mesenchymal markers (N-cadherin, fibronectin) and the transcriptional factor Slug were downregulated after nobiletin treatment. Transforming growth factorβ (TGF-β) was applied to stimulate EMT and the results showed that nobiletin not only influenced basal level cell migration but also prevented TGF-β-triggered migration and EMT, with the AKT/GSK3β/β-catenin signaling pathway greatly involved. Furthermore, nobiletin remarkably diminished TGF-β-induced β-catenin nuclear translocation and the binding to the Slug promoter. It is worth noting that nobiletin almost blocked invasion in Slug-expressing U87 and U251 cells, and only exhibiting faint effect on non-Slug-expressing U343 glioma cells. Reinforced Slug expression in U343 cells by transfecting Slug plasmid was significantly attenuated by nobiletin, demonstrating the essential role of Slug in the anti-metastasis effect of nobiletin. Nobiletin repressed tumor growth in vivo and abrogated EMT in nude mice bearing U87-Luc xenografts, as demonstrated by Xenogen IVIS imaging and immunohistochemistry assay. Our findings suggested that nobiletin might have a great potential for treating glioblastoma.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

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