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Abstract Title:

Neochlorogenic acid inhibits against LPS-activated inflammatory responses through up-regulation of Nrf2/HO-1 and involving AMPK pathway.

Abstract Source:

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. 2018 Sep ;62:1-10. Epub 2018 Jun 8. PMID: 29908432

Abstract Author(s):

Sun Young Park, Mei Ling Jin, Eun Hye Yi, Yoon Kim, Geuntae Park

Article Affiliation:

Sun Young Park

Abstract:

Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with excessive inflammation due to the accumulation of pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines produced by macrophages. In the present study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory properties of neochlorogenic acid (nCGA) from Lonicera japonica on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated inflammation in macrophages and participation of the AMPK/Nrf2 pathway. nCGA pretreatment significantly reduced the production of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E, TNF-α, reactive oxygen species, IL-1β, and IL-6 by LPS-activated macrophages. Moreover, both transcript and protein levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 were reduced by nCGA in LPS-activated macrophages. nCGA inhibited NF-κB activation by attenuating IKKα/β and IκBα phosphorylation in LPS-stimulated macrophages. Moreover, nCGA attenuated LPS-elevated JAK-1, STAT-1, and MAPK phosphorylation. We further evaluated the possible role of nCGA in the induction of AMPK/Nrf2 signal pathways required for the protein expression of HO-1 and NQO-1. nCGA induced AMPK activation via phosphorylation of LKB1 and CaMKII and by the inhibitory phosphorylation of GSK3β. It stimulated the overexpression of Nrf2/ARE-regulated downstream proteins, such as NQO-1 and HO-1. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory effects of nCGA were attenuated in macrophages subjected to siRNAs specificfor HO-1, NQO-1, Nrf2, and AMPK. Accordingly, these results indicate that nCGA, as an AMPK/Nrf2 signal activator, prevents excessive macrophage-mediated responses associated with acute and chronic inflammatory disorders.

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