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Abstract Title:

Naringenin Suppresses Chemically Induced Skin Cancer in Two-Stage Skin Carcinogenesis Mouse Model.

Abstract Source:

Nutr Cancer. 2019 Sep 2:1-8. Epub 2019 Sep 2. PMID: 31474152

Abstract Author(s):

Raj Kumar, Ashu Bhan Tiku

Article Affiliation:

Raj Kumar

Abstract:

Naringenin, a flavonoid present in citrus fruits has many health promoting activities. It has been reported to protect skin from UV radiation, thermal damage and atopic allergies. Despite many skin protective effects,effect of naringenin on skin cancer has not been reported so far.The present work was designed to study the chemo preventive effect of naringenin on chemically induced skin cancer in mice.Two stage model of skin papillomagenesis, using DMBA plus croton oil, was used to study the effect of naringenin in Swiss albino mice. The chemo preventive effect was evaluated using morphological, histopathological and biochemical features.Oral administration of naringenin reduced the skin papilloma in both pre-treatment as well as post-treatment groups of mice. The number as well as size of papilloma was significantly reduced in the treated groups. Histopathological studies showed that naringenin treatment suppressed papillomagenesis. Biochemical studies further revealed decrease in the activity of glyoxalase-1 enzyme and an increase in carbonyl content. The effect was more pronounced in ant-initiation group.Naringenin exhibited anti-tumor effect in two stage carcinogenesis mouse skin tumor model. This study revealed that consumption of citrus fruits and the naringenin therein may be helpful in suppression of skin cancer.

Study Type : Animal Study

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