Abstract Title:

Multifunction of myricetin on A beta: neuroprotection via a conformational change of A beta and reduction of A beta via the interference of secretases.

Abstract Source:

J Neurosci Res. 2008 Feb 1 ;86(2):368-77. PMID: 17722071

Abstract Author(s):

Yoshiari Shimmyo, Takeshi Kihara, Akinori Akaike, Tetsuhiro Niidome, Hachiro Sugimoto

Article Affiliation:

Yoshiari Shimmyo


Myricetin (3,3',4',5,5',7-hexahydroxyflavone) is classified as a flavonoid with strong antioxidant effects. Oxidative stress plays a key role in various neurological diseases such as ischemia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). To elucidate whether myricetin could counter the progress of AD, we examined the effects of myricetin on neurotoxicity induced by beta-amyloid (A beta), a component of senile plaques in the AD brain. We found that cultured rat primary cortical neurons treated for 48 hr with A beta1-42 (1 microM) induced significant neuronal injury. Conformationally altered A beta1-42 caused apoptotic changes, such as nuclear fragmentation, as shown by DAPI staining. Pre- and simultaneous administration of myricetin and A beta1-42 reduced A beta neurotoxicity in a concentration-dependent manner. By using circular dichroism spectroscopy and a thioflavin T binding assay, we show that myricetin (10 microM, 48 hr) prevented structural changes in A beta1-42 from a random coil to a beta-sheet-rich structure. A beta1-42-induced apoptotic changes and caspase-3 activation were reduced by myricetin treatment. Furthermore, we determined that administration of myricetin significantly decreased A beta1-40 and A beta1-42 levels in culture media. These effects were based on two mechanisms: the activation and up-regulation of alpha-secretase (ADAM10) protein levels as indicated by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) assay and immunoblot analysis and the direct binding and inhibition of beta-secretase (BACE-1) indicated by cell-free FRET assays. Evidently, myricetin has multiple functions to counter the progress of AD by the reduction of A beta production and the detoxification of A beta through a structural change.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.