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Abstract Title:

Reduced solar activity favors twin maternities.

Abstract Source:

Twin Res Hum Genet. 2012 Feb ;15(1):133-7. PMID: 22784464

Abstract Author(s):

Vladimir N Melnikov

Article Affiliation:

Vladimir N Melnikov

Abstract:

Mechanisms underlying effects of physical factors on twin births are unclear. The present work studied an association between monthly and yearly multiple birth rates (MBRs) in the Novosibirsk region, south-west Siberia, in relation to solar activity (sunspot numbers) and geomagnetic activity (Ap index) from 1957 to 2008. The difference was verified by comparing the yearly MBR observed in 3-year peaks (M = 7.36, SD = 0.33 per 1,000 births) and 3-year troughs (M = 8.10, SD = 0.31 per 1,000 births, p<.001) of an 11-year solar cycle. An inverse correlation (r = -.60, p<.001) was found between sunspot numbers and MBR for a lag of 1 year. Cross-spectral analysis of a 52-year time series established a common signal with the period of 10.5 years, as well as high coherence (K(2) = 0.87). The multiple regression analysis revealed a significant interaction of solar and geomagnetic effects upon the frequency of twin maternities. The results show that elevated solar activity within the 11-year cycle coinciding with the time of conception inhibits multiple births in a manner depending on geomagnetic activity. It is hypothesized that the likely mechanism underlying the association is early fetal loss induced by solar radiation/flux and its terrestrial mediators.

Study Type : Human Study
Additional Links
Additional Keywords : Geomagnetic Activity

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