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Abstract Title:

Modulation of Gut Microbiota by Fucoxanthin During Alleviation of Obesity in High-Fat Diet-Fed Mice.

Abstract Source:

J Agric Food Chem. 2020 Apr 28. Epub 2020 Apr 28. PMID: 32309947

Abstract Author(s):

Xiaowen Sun, Hailong Zhao, Zonglin Liu, Xun Sun, Dandan Zhang, Shuhui Wang, Ying Xu, Guofang Zhang, Dongfeng Wang

Article Affiliation:

Xiaowen Sun

Abstract:

Fucoxanthin (Fx), an allenic carotenoid from brown seaweeds or diatoms, has been demonstrated to prevent obesity. Gut dysbiosis and inflammation are two counted important incidence reasons of obesity and related diseases. In this paper, a mouse model induced by high-fat diet (HFD) was used to reveal the role of Fx in modulating intestinal homeostasis and treating obesity. In addition, 16S rRNA sequencing results inferred that Fx alleviated HFD-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis by significantly inhibiting the growth of obesity-/inflammation-related Lachnospiraceae and Erysipelotrichaceae while promoting the growth of/,, and some butyrate-producing bacteria. The correlation analysis showed that some gut microbiota taxa were strongly correlated with obesity phenotypes and the inflammation level. In conclusion, dietary Fx has the potential to alleviate the development of obesity and related symptoms through mediating the composition of gut microbiota as demonstrated in mice. This study provides scientific evidence for the potential effects of Fx on obesity treatment.

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Sayer Ji
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