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Abstract Title:

Microplastic contamination in salt pans and commercial salts - A baseline study on the salt pans of Marakkanam and Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract Source:

Mar Pollut Bull. 2021 Feb 4 ;165:112101. Epub 2021 Feb 4. PMID: 33549998

Abstract Author(s):

A Nithin, A Sundaramanickam, P Surya, M Sathish, B Soundharapandiyan, K Balachandar

Article Affiliation:

A Nithin

Abstract:

We studied the abundance of microplastics from commercial table salts and table salts from salt pans at Marakkanam and Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. Microplastic abundance in the salts collected from salt pans had a range of 3.67 ± 1.54 to 21.33 ± 1.53 nos./10 g of salt which were higher than the microplastics retrieved from the commercial salts which ranged from 4.67 ± 1.15 to 16.33 ± 1.53 nos./10 g of salt. All the microplastics retrieved were fibers which were secondary in origin. Black, red, blue, green, white, brown, and colorless microplastics were observed in the samples. FT-IR results showed that 4 types of polymers, namely, Nylon, Polypropylene (PP), Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE), and Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) were present in the samples. Domestic and municipal wastewater discharges into the estuaries may contribute to microplastics in the table salts. Our study proves that table salts (processed and unprocessed) are prone to microplastic contamination.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
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