Abstract Title:

Membrane-bound melatonin receptor MT1 down-regulates estrogen responsive genes in breast cancer cells.

Abstract Source:

J Pineal Res. 2009 Aug;47(1):23-31. Epub 2009 Jun 10. PMID: 19522736

Abstract Author(s):

Rainer Girgert, Volker Hanf, Günter Emons, Carsten Gründker

Article Affiliation:

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Abstract:

Melatonin possesses anti-estrogenic effects on estrogen receptor expressing (ER+) breast cancer cells in culture by reducing cell cycle progression and cell proliferation. There is increasing agreement that on a cellular level the effects of melatonin are primarily induced by the membrane-bound receptor MT1. The participation of a second, nuclear receptor of the group of ligand-dependent transcription factors, called RZRalpha, is under debate. In this study we used a number of breast cancer cell lines differing in their expression of the estrogen receptor and the two known melatonin receptors. In MCF-7 breast cancer cells transfected with a vector carrying the MT1 gene (MCF-7Mel1a) binding of CREB-protein to the cAMP-responsive element of the breast cancer suppressing gene BRCA-1 was more strongly reduced by treatment with melatonin than in the parental cells. Expression of estrogen responsive genes was determined in serum-starved cells, cells stimulated for 16 hr with estradiol and cells subsequently treated with melatonin. Expression of BRCA-1, p53, p21(WAF) and c-myc were up-regulated by estradiol. Treatment of the stimulated cells with melatonin counteracted the increase induced by estradiol almost completely. The more MT1 a cell line expressed, the stronger was the reduction of the expression of the estradiol-induced genes. There was no correlation between the expression of the nuclear receptor RZRalpha and the effects of melatonin on these genes.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.