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Abstract Title:

Medicinal plants and natural products as neuroprotective agents in age-related macular degeneration.

Abstract Source:

Neural Regen Res. 2020 Dec ;15(12):2207-2216. PMID: 32594032

Abstract Author(s):

Francisco Bosch-Morell, Victoria Villagrasa, Teresa Ortega, Nuria Acero, Dolores Muñoz-Mingarro, M Eugenia González-Rosende, Encarna Castillo, M Amparo Sanahuja, Pilar Soriano, Isabel Martínez-Solís

Article Affiliation:

Francisco Bosch-Morell

Abstract:

The retina may suffer neurodegenerative damages, as other tissues of the central nervous system do, and serious eye diseases may develop. One of them is age-related macular degeneration, which causes progressive loss of vision due to retina degeneration. Treatment of age-related macular degeneration focuses on antioxidant agents and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor compounds, among others, that prevent/diminish oxidative stress and reduce neovascularisation respectively. The phytochemicals, medicinal plants and/or plant-diet supplements might be a useful adjunct in prevention or treatment of age-related macular degeneration owing to their antioxidant and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor properties. This review article presents the most investigated plants and natural products in relation to age-related macular degeneration, such as saffron, ginkgo, bilberry and blueberry, curcuma or turmeric, carotenoids, polyphenols, and vitamins C and E. This study provides up-to-date information on the effects, treatments, safety and efficiency of these phytotherapy products.

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