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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Ligustrazine Inhibits Growth, Migration and Invasion of Medulloblastoma Daoy Cells by Up-Regulation of miR-211.

Abstract Source:

Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018 ;49(5):2012-2021. Epub 2018 Sep 21. PMID: 30244244

Abstract Author(s):

Donghui Xu, Guonan Chi, Conghai Zhao, Dongyuan Li

Article Affiliation:

Donghui Xu

Abstract:

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ligustrazine (LSZ) has been identified as an antitumor agent against some types of cancers. Nevertheless, its ability to inhibit growth, migration and invasion of medulloblastoma cells is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the effect of LSZ on Daoy cells.

METHODS: The effects of LSZ on viability, proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of Daoy cells were analyzed by CCK-8, BrdU, flow cytometry and Transwell assays, respectively. The effect of LSZ on miR-211 expression was analyzed by qRT-PCR. miR-211 inhibitor transfection was performed to suppress miR-211 expression. The effects of LSZ on apoptosis-related factors, MMP-2, MMP-9, and Vimentin (Vim), as well as main factors of PI3K/AKT and mTOR pathways were analyzed by Western blot.

RESULTS: LSZ inhibited viability but promoted apoptosis of Daoy cells. Additionally, the proliferative, migratory and invasive abilities of Daoy cells were decreased by LSZ. Meanwhile, LSZ promoted the activations of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9, increased Bax level, decreased Bcl-2 level, as well as inhibited the expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9 and Vim. Additionally, we found that LSZ enhanced miR-211 expression and exerted its anti-medulloblastoma effect by up-regulation of miR-211. Furthermore, LSZ inhibited PI3K/AKT and mTOR signaling pathways by up-regulating miR-211.

CONCLUSION: LSZ suppressed medulloblastoma Daoy cells by up-regulating miR-211 and further modulating the activations of PI3K/AKT and mTOR signaling pathways.

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