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Abstract Title:

Ketogenic, Hypocaloric Diet Improves Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis.

Abstract Source:

J Transl Int Med. 2020 Mar ;8(1):26-31. Epub 2020 May 9. PMID: 32435609

Abstract Author(s):

Yuliya Belopolsky, Mohammad Q Khan, Amnon Sonnenberg, David J Davidson, Claus J Fimmel

Article Affiliation:

Yuliya Belopolsky

Abstract:

Background and objectives: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is strongly associated with obesity. A weight loss of≥10% is necessary to improve NASH severity, but this goal has rarely been achieved in published studies using different diet protocols. The effect of a ketogenic, hypocaloric, commercial diet ("Ideal Protein,"IP) on body weight, metabolic markers, and liver tests in a group of NASH patients is evaluated in this study. Daily calorie intake was tailored to achieve a weight loss of≥10%.

Methods: We analyzed 38 patients with NASH who were placed on the IP diet between 2014 and 2018 and compared their outcomes with 6 control patients who declined the diet. All patients were evaluated by a trained health coach in weekly intervals throughout the study period. Clinical and laboratory data obtained before and at 6.5 months after intervention were compared using paired t-testing.

Results: The patients on the IP diet experienced a significant weight reduction (217± 8 lb. 194± 7 lb; mean ± S.E.M.), corresponding to an average weight loss of 9.7% ± 1.6%. Significant changes in systolic blood pressure (133 ± 3 mmHg. 123± 3 mmHg), triglycerides (200 ± 21 mmol/L. 132± 11 mmol/L), hemoglobin A1c (6.71% ± 0.29%. 5.74%± 0.19%), SGPT (97.3 ± 11.1 IU/L. 44.2± 5.9 IU/L), SGOT (82.4 ± 10.5 IU/L. 32.8± 5.2 IU/L), and Fib-4 scores (2.25 ± 0.23. 1.40± 0.13) were also observed (<0.05 in all cases). In the IP group, 50.5% of patients lost≥10% body weight. In contrast, no significant changes were observed in the control group. The IP diet was well tolerated, and no safety signals were noticed.

Conclusions: A ketogenic, hypocaloric resulted in striking weight loss and significant improvements in metabolic parameters and liver tests, suggesting that this approach carries promise for the dietary management of patients with NASH.

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