Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Induction of autophagy via the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway by astragaloside Ⅳ contributes to the amelioration of inflammation in RAW264.7 cells.

Abstract Source:

Biomed Pharmacother. 2021 Feb 6 ;137:111271. Epub 2021 Feb 6. PMID: 33561643

Abstract Author(s):

Yi Ying, Chun-Bin Sun, Si-Qi Zhang, Bo-Jun Chen, Jing-Ze Yu, Fei-Yu Liu, Jing Wen, Jiong Hou, Si-Si Han, Jin-Yuan Yan, Zhong-Shan Yang, Lei Xiong

Article Affiliation:

Yi Ying


Cigarette smoking-related lung injury is one of the most common and fatal etiologies of many respiratory diseases, for which no effective interventions are available. AstragalosideⅣ (ASⅣ) is an active component extracted from Astragalus membranaceus. It is prescribed as a treatment for upper respiratory tract infections. Here, we report the potential anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of ASⅣ on cigarette smoking extract- (CSE)-exposed RAW264.7 cells. Murine macrophages were exposed to CSE, followed by administration of ASⅣ at 25-100 μg/mL for 24 h. ASⅣ significantly rescued CSE-induced cell death by inhibition of release pro-inflammatory cytokines. We measured autophagy as an intracellular scavenger by analyzing autophagic flux using tandem mRFP-GFP-LC3fluorescence microscopy. Following administration with ASⅣ in CSE-exposed RAW264.7 cells, there was a notable increase in autophagosomes and a range of autophagic vacuoles were generated, as seen with transmission electron microscopy. Loss of autophagy following transfection siRNA aggravated inflammatory injury and release of inflammatory cytokines. Mechanistically, ASⅣ-triggered autophagy is mediated by the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway to reduce inflammation. Taken together, our findings suggest that ASⅣ acts stimulates autophagy, and that ASⅣ induces autophagy by inhibiting the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway, contributing to alleviation of inflammation.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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