Abstract Title:

Fruit and vegetable intake and pre-diabetes: a case-control study.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Nutr. 2017 Dec 4. Epub 2017 Dec 4. PMID: 29204690

Abstract Author(s):

Maryam Safabakhsh, Fariba Koohdani, Fariba Bagheri, Fereydoun Siassi, Farahnaz Khajehnasiri, Gity Sotoudeh

Article Affiliation:

Maryam Safabakhsh


PURPOSE: Few studies have evaluated the association of fruit and vegetable (FV) intake and pre-diabetes. However, these studies are very limited and incomplete. Therefore, the aim of our study was to compare FV consumption and their subgroups between pre-diabetic and control subjects.

METHODS: This case-control study included 300 individuals, 150 subjects with normal fasting blood glucose (FBG), and 150 pre-diabetic subjects who were matched for sex and age. We collected the participants' anthropometric and physical activity data and measured their blood glucose level. A 168 items semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used for estimating the FV intake.

RESULTS: After adjustment for confounding variables, participants in the lower quartiles of FV and total fruit intake were more likely to experience pre-diabetes compared with those in the higher quartiles (p trend < 0.007). In addition, cruciferous vegetables, other vegetables, and berries were inversely associated with pre-diabetes (p < 0.05), although a distinct dose-response relationship was not found. Unexpectedly, higher intake of dark yellow vegetables was significantly associated with a higher chance of pre-diabetes (p trend = 0.006). Other vegetable and fruit subgroups did not show any significant relationship with this disorder.

CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that higher intake of total FV and total fruits might be associated with lower odds ratio of pre-diabetes.

Study Type : Human Study

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Sayer Ji
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