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Abstract Title:

Hibiscus sabdariffa renews pancreaticβ-cells in experimental type 1 diabetic model rats.

Abstract Source:

Morphologie. 2019 Jun ;103(341 Pt 2):80-93. Epub 2019 May 15. PMID: 31101500

Abstract Author(s):

D O Adeyemi, O S Adewole

Article Affiliation:

D O Adeyemi

Abstract:

This study evaluated the antidiabetic potentials of flavonoid-rich aqueous fraction of methanolic extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa calyx (HSCE) on the pancreaticβ-cells of experimental type I diabetic model rats. Type 1 diabetes mellitus was induced in Wistar rats by a single intraperitoneal injection of 80mg/kg b/w streptozotocin (STZ) dissolved in 0.1M citrate buffer (pH 6.3). The rats were divided into five groups (n=12) including normal control group,test group I, diabetic negative control, test group II, and diabetic positive control. The test groups received 1.75g/kg b/w of HSCE by gavage for 15 days. Animals were sacrificed; the splenic portion of their pancreas and serum were evaluated for histopathological and biochemical parameters respectively. The regenerative effects of the extract on STZ-diabetes β-cells damage was evident from the results of the histopathological analysis and the biochemical parameters evaluated in the serum. Reduced levels of glutathione, catalase and superoxide dismutase in the serum of diabetic rats were significantly improved in the H. sabdariffa-treated rats (P<0.05). Histological examination of pancreatic islet sections revealed degenerative and necrotic changes (D) in the pancreatic islet of Langerhans,β-cell degranulation, pyknotic β-cell nuclei, decreased islet cellular density, and severe vacuolation (V) in the islet of STZ-diabetic negative control group. The morphology of the pancreas of HSCE-treated diabetic rats (test group II) revealed remarkable improvements in the islet of Langerhans.Stereological studies also revealed that HSCE-treatment remarkably improved volume of the pancreatic islets and the numerical density of β-cell (number of β-cells per unit area of islet) depleted by STZ diabetes. The study concluded that possible antidiabetic mechanism of Hibiscus sabdariffa in STZ diabetes is through induction of β-cell regeneration and its strong antioxidant potential.

Study Type : Animal Study

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