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Abstract Title:

Effects of Grape Seed Proanthocyanidin Extract on Vascular Endothelial Function in Participants with Prehypertension: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2019 Nov 20 ;11(12). Epub 2019 Nov 20. PMID: 31757033

Abstract Author(s):

Tamami Odai, Masakazu Terauchi, Kiyoko Kato, Asuka Hirose, Naoyuki Miyasaka

Article Affiliation:

Tamami Odai

Abstract:

This study aimed to investigate the effects of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) on blood pressure and vascular endothelial function in middle-aged Japanese adults with prehypertension. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study on 6 men and 24 women aged 40-64 years old. The participants were randomized to receive tablets containing either low-dose (200 mg/day) or high-dose (400 mg/day) GSPE, or placebo, for 12 weeks. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively), brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and other cardiovascular parameters were measured before and after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment. The mean SBP in the high-dose group significantly decreased by 13 mmHg after 12 weeks (= 0.028), although FMD did not change. In an ad hoc analysis of non-smoking participants (= 21), the mean SBP, DBP, stiffness parameterβ, distensibility, incremental elastic modulus (Einc), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) also significantly improved in the high-dose group after 12 weeks. Changes in Einc and PWV from baseline to 12 weeks were significantly greater in the high-dose group than in the placebo group (Einc,= 0.023; PWV,= 0.03). GSPE consumption could help maintain vascular elasticity and normal blood pressure in this population.

Study Type : Human Study

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