Abstract Title:

Chronic glycine treatment inhibits ligature-induced periodontal disease in Wistar rats.

Abstract Source:

J Periodontal Res. 2005 Feb;40(1):43-7. PMID: 15613078

Abstract Author(s):

Torbjørn Breivik, Yngvar Gundersen, Frode Fonnum, Per Vaagenes, Per Kristian Opstad

Article Affiliation:

Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway. tbreivik@odont.uio.no

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: Dysregulation of immune and stress responses plays a significant role for the development and progression of inflammatory diseases, including periodontal disease. The non-essential amino acid glycine modulates immune and central nervous system (CNS) responses, and has been shown to beneficially affect tissue destructive inflammatory conditions. The purpose of this study was to test the ability of orally administered glycine to influence periodontal disease progression, as well as immune and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) responses following lipopolysaccharide stimulation. METHODS: Glycine was supplied in the drinking water during the whole experiment to male Wistar rats, starting 3 days before the induction of experimental ligature-induced periodontal disease. Control rats were given tap water only. The periodontal breakdown was assessed after the ligatures had been in place for 34 days. Following intraperitonal lipopolysaccharide stimulation, concentrations of the proximal cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-10, as well as the HPA axis-derived hormone corticosterone, were measured in blood serum. RESULTS: Orally administered glycine significantly reduced periodontal bone loss as measured by digital X-rays (p = 0.007). Bone loss was negatively correlated with increased serum glycine, whereas no significant relationship was found with TNF-alpha, interleukin-10, or corticosterone. CONCLUSION: Chronic ingestion of glycine supplied in the drinking water significantly reduced periodontal bone loss. No effect of glycine on immune and HPA-axis responses was revealed. Further studies are needed to clarify the mechanisms of action.

Study Type : Animal Study

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