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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

L-Glutamine Supplementation Enhances Strength and Power of Knee Muscles and Improves Glycemia Control and Plasma Redox Balance in Exercising Elderly Women.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2021 Mar 22 ;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 22. PMID: 33809996

Abstract Author(s):

Gislene R Amirato, Juliana O Borges, Daniella L Marques, Juliana M B Santos, Carlos A F Santos, Marilia S Andrade, Guilherme E Furtado, Marcelo Rossi, Lais N Luis, Raquel F Zambonatto, Eliane B da Silva, Sarah O Poma, Mariana M de Almeida, Renato L Pelaquim, Laiane C Dos Santos-Oliveira, Vinicius L Sousa Diniz, Maria E P Passos, Adriana C Levada-Pires, Renata Gorjão, Marcelo P Barros, André L L Bachi, Tania C Pithon-Curi

Article Affiliation:

Gislene R Amirato

Abstract:

We investigated the effects of oral L-glutamine (Gln) supplementation, associated or not with physical exercises, in control of glycemia, oxidative stress, and strength/power of knee muscles in elderly women. Physically active (= 21) and sedentary (= 23) elderly women aged 60 to 80 years were enrolled in the study. Plasma levels of D-fructosamine, insulin, reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione, iron, uric acid, and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARs) (lipoperoxidation product), as well as knee extensor/flexor muscle torque peak and average power (isokinetic test), were assessed pre- and post-supplementation with Gln or placebo (30 days). Higher plasma D-fructosamine, insulin, and iron levels, and lower strength/power of knee muscles were found pre-supplementation in the NPE group than in the PE group. Post-supplementation, Gln subgroups showed higher levels of GSH, GSSG, and torque peak, besides lower D-fructosamine than pre-supplementation values. Higher muscle average power and plasma uric acid levels were reported in the PE + Gln group, whereas lower insulin levels were found in the NPE + Gln than pre-supplementation values. TBARs levels were diminished post-supplementation in all groups. Gln supplementation, mainly when associated with physical exercises, improves strength and power of knee muscles and glycemia control, besides boosting plasma antioxidant capacity of elderly women.

Study Type : Human Study

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