Abstract Title:

Geraniol attenuates oxidative stress, bioaccumulation, serological and histopathological changes during aluminum chloride-hepatopancreatic toxicity in male Wistar rats.

Abstract Source:

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2020 Mar 31. Epub 2020 Mar 31. PMID: 32232762

Abstract Author(s):

Seyed Mohammad Hosseini, Leila Beigom Hejazian, Reza Amani, Negin Siahchehreh Badeli

Article Affiliation:

Seyed Mohammad Hosseini


Aluminum chloride (AlCl) has different industrial applications including manufacturing paint and water treatment. The present study was designed to evaluate the alleviating effect of geraniol against AlCl-induced hepatopancreatic toxicity. To this end, forty male Wistar rats were divided into control (0.9% NaCl, IP), geraniol (100 mg/kg orally), AlCl(70 mg/kg, IP), and AlCl(70 mg/kg, IP) plus geraniol (100 mg/kg orally) groups and then were treated daily for 28 days. Based on the results, serum cholesterol, triglyceride, as well as liver and pancreas enzymes increased significantly (P < 0.05) while the level of insulin significantly decreased in AlCl-treated rats compared to the control group (P < 0.05). The presence of geraniol relieved the toxic effects of AlClas well. On the other hand, the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) increased in the AlCl-treated group while the activities of glutathione peroxidase and the total antioxidant activity demonstrated a reduction. However, the MDA level decreased while the antioxidant enzymes increased in co-treated with geraniol group. Histopathological examination revealed that simultaneous treatment with geraniol in AlClintoxicated rats ameliorate the liver lesions such as necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration, vacuolar degeneration, along with hyperemia and the cell density of the Langerhans islands. Finally, the results indicated that geraniol attenuated the side effect of AlCl-induced hepatopancreatic toxicity.

Study Type : Animal Study

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