Abstract Title:

Inhibitory effect of genistein on agonist-induced modulation of vascular contractility.

Abstract Source:

Mol Cells. 2009 Feb;27(2):191-8. Epub 2009 Feb 20. PMID: 19277501

Abstract Author(s):

Hyun Dong Je, Uy Dong Sohn

Abstract:

The present study was undertaken to determine whether treatment with genistein, the plant-derived estrogen-like compound influences agonist-induced vascular smooth muscle contraction and, if so, to investigate related mechanisms. The measurement of isometric contractions using a computerized data acquisition system was combined with molecular experiments. Genistein completely inhibited KCl-, phorbol ester-, phenylephrine-, fluoride- and thromboxane A(2)-induced contractions. An inactive analogue, daidzein, completely inhibited only fluoride-induced contraction regardless of endothelial function, suggesting some difference between the mechanisms of RhoA/Rho-kinase activators such as fluoride and thromboxane A(2). Furthermore, genistein and daidzein each significantly decreased phosphorylation of MYPT1 at Thr855 had been induced by a thromboxane A(2) mimetic. Interestingly, iberiotoxin, a blocker of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channels, did not inhibit the relaxation response to genistein or daidzein in denuded aortic rings precontracted with fluoride. In conclusion, genistein or daidzein elicit similar relaxing responses in fluoride-induced contractions, regardless of tyrosine kinase inhibition or endothelial function, and the relaxation caused by genistein or daidzein was not antagonized by large conductance K(Ca)-channel inhibitors in the denuded muscle. This suggests that the RhoA/Rho-kinase pathway rather than K(+)-channels are involved in the genistein-induced vasodilation. In addition, based on molecular and physiological results, only one vasoconstrictor fluoride seems to be a full RhoA/Rho-kinase activator; the others are partial activators.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.