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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Gastrodin - A potential drug used for the treatment of Tourette Syndrome.

Abstract Source:

J Pharmacol Sci. 2021 Mar ;145(3):289-295. Epub 2021 Jan 20. PMID: 33602510

Abstract Author(s):

Yuan Wang, Lin Zhao, An-Yuan Li

Article Affiliation:

Yuan Wang

Abstract:

Gastrodin (Gas) represents the major active component of Gastrodia elata, a Chinese herb. Clinically, Gas is widely used for its sedative, anticonvulsive and neuroprotective properties. This work aimed to assess Gas for its efficacy in Tourette Syndrome (TS) treatment. Twenty-four rats were randomized to the blank control (n = 6) and experimental (n = 18) groups. The experimental group was administered continuous injection of 3, 3'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) intraperitoneally for 7 days, and subdivided into the IDPN + NS, IDPN + Hal, and IDPN + Gas groups (n = 6). The control and IDPN + NS groups received saline intragastrically, while the IDPN + Hal and IDPN + Gas groups were administered Gas and Haloperidol, respectively, for 8 weeks. Then, micro-positron emission tomography (PET) was performed for measuring the density and brain distribution of dopamine Dreceptors (DRs), dopamine transporters (DATs), 5-HTreceptors (5-HTRs) and 5-HT transporters (SERTs). According to stereotypical behavior experiments, IDPN significantly induced abnormal stereotypical behaviors in rats in comparison with control animals. In addition, micro-PET revealed that by reducing the amounts of DRs and increasing those of DATs, Gas could significantly reduce stereotypical TS-like behaviors in this rat model system. Furthermore, Gas treatment reduced the density of SERTs, which could indirectly decrease DA release. The current study demonstrated that Gas could be effective in treating TS.

Study Type : Animal Study

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