n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Gallic acid frominhibited the growth of esophageal carcinoma cells by suppressing the Hippo signal pathway.

Abstract Source:

Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2020 Nov ;23(11):1401-1408. PMID: 33235697

Abstract Author(s):

Gui-Li Sun, Dong Wang

Article Affiliation:

Gui-Li Sun

Abstract:

Objectives: To explore the molecular mechanism of gallic acid (GA) fromin suppressing the growth of esophageal carcinoma (EC).

Materials and Methods: Human EC cells (EC9706 and KYSE450) were treated with different concentrations of GA (10, 20, and 40μg/ml), which were subjected to 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, plate clone formation assay, Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) staining, and Western blotting. EC mice were divided into Model, 0.3% GA, and 1% GA groups to observe the tumor volume and the expressions of YAP, TAZ, Ki-67, and Caspase-3 in tumor tissues.

Results: GA decreased cell viability and colony formation of EC9706 and KYSE450 cells, which was more obvious as the concentration increased. In addition, GA promoted cell apoptosis in a concentration-dependent manner with the up-regulation of pro-apoptotic proteins (Bax, cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved caspase-9) and nuclear YAP/TAZ, as well as the down-regulation of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and the levels of p-YAP and p-TAZ. Moreover, GA decreased the growth of xenograft tumor, with the reduction in the tumor volume and the reduction of YAP and TAZ expressions in the tumor tissues. In addition, Ki-67 expression in GA groups was lower than those in the Model group, with the increase in caspase-3 expression in the tumor tissues. Changes aforementioned were obviously shown in the 0.3% GA group.

Conclusion: GA blocked the activity of the Hippo pathway to suppress cell proliferation of EC and facilitate cell apoptosis, which is expected to be a novel strategy for treatment of EC.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.