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Abstract Title:

Galbanic acid potentiates TRAIL induced apoptosis in resistant non-small cell lung cancer cells via inhibition of MDR1 and activation of caspases and DR5.

Abstract Source:

Eur J Pharmacol. 2019 Mar 15 ;847:91-96. Epub 2019 Jan 25. PMID: 30689998

Abstract Author(s):

Yoon Hyeon Kim, Eun Ah Shin, Ji Hoon Jung, Ji Eon Park, Jinsuk Koo, Ja Il Koo, Bum Sang Shim, Sung-Hoon Kim

Article Affiliation:

Yoon Hyeon Kim

Abstract:

Galbanic acid (GBA) is known a sesquiterpene coumarin to have apoptotic, anti-hypoxic, anti-proliferative, anti-hepatitis, anti-angiogenic, anti-bacteria and anti-thrombotic effects. Also, antitumor effect of GBA was reported in prostate, ovary, breast and lung cancers. Nevertheless, the underlying molecular mechanism of GBA was not fully understood to overcome chemoresistance in resistant lung cancer so far. Thus, synergistic antitumor mechanism of GBA and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) was elucidated in H460 and resistant H460/R non-small cell lung cancer cells (NSCLCs). Combination of GBA and TRAIL significantly exerted cytotoxicity in a dose dependent manner compared to GBA or TRAIL alone in H460/R cells. Also, GBA and TRAIL significantly increased the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) positive cells and sub-G1 population in a dose dependent manner in H460/R cells. Consistently, GBA and TRAIL induced cleavages of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), caspase-9 and caspase-8 along with upregulation of death receptor 5 (DR5) and also attenuated the expression of B-cell lymphoma-extra-large (Bcl-x), B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) in H460/R cells. Furthermore, combination of GBA and TRAIL remarkably inhibited the expression of decoy receptor 1 (DcR1) and multidrug resistance 1(MDR1) in H460/R cells. Consistently, GBA and TRAIL effectively maintained Rhodamine 123 accumulation in H460/R cells compared to GBA or TRAIL alone by blocking multidrug efflux pump from the cells. Overall, our findings suggest that galbanic acid enhances TRAIL induced apoptosis via inhibition of MDR1 and activation of caspases and DR5 in H460/R cells as a potent TRAIL sensitizer.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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Sayer Ji
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