Abstract Title:

Flavonoids of Rosa roxburghii Tratt Exhibit Anti-Apoptosis Properties by Regulating PARP-1/AIF.

Abstract Source:

J Cell Biochem. 2017 11 ;118(11):3943-3952. Epub 2017 May 25. PMID: 28398610

Abstract Author(s):

Ping Xu, Xingxia Liu, Xiwen Xiong, Wenbo Zhang, Xinhua Cai, Peiyong Qiu, Minghua Hao, Lijuan Wang, Dandan Lu, Xiuhua Zhang, Wancai Yang

Article Affiliation:

Ping Xu


Radioprotection is an important approach to reduce the side-effects of radiotherapy. The radioprotective effect of the flavonoids of Rosa roxburghii Tratt (FRT) has been confirmed, and the mechanism has been identified as theBcl-2/caspase-3/PARP-1 signaling pathway. In this study, we investigated the effects of FRT on the intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM), and vascular cell adhesion protein (VCAM) in addition to apoptosis-related proteins such as Bax/Bcl-2, p-ERK/ERK, p-p53/p53, and p-p38/p38. In the present study, we focused on the effect of FRT on PARP-1/AIF. Ionizing radiation triggered the activation of PARP-1 and AIF translocation from the mitochondrion to the nucleus. The inhibition of PARP-1/AIF signaling pathway by FRT was investigated. Our results showed that the expressions of Bax/Bcl-2, p-ERK/ ERK, p-p53/p53, and p-p38/p38 were decreased after FRT treatment compared with the radiation-treated group. FRT inhibited PARP-1 activation to inhibit AIF translocation from mitochondrion to nucleus. Pretreatment with FRT diminished the comet's tail and reduced fragments in six Gy-irradiated thymocytes compared with the irradiated cells without FRT treatment. We conclude that FRT enhanced radioprotection at least partially by regulating PARP-1/AIF to reduce apoptosis. J. Cell. Biochem. 118: 3943-3952, 2017.© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.