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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Zinc deficiency in children with Dengue viral infection.

Abstract Source:

Pediatr Rep. 2019 Feb 26 ;11(1):7386. Epub 2019 Feb 26. PMID: 30838119

Abstract Author(s):

Lakkana Rerksuppaphol, Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol

Article Affiliation:

Lakkana Rerksuppaphol

Abstract:

Zinc deficiency is highly prevalent in low-income countries, with dramatic consequences to child health, in particular by impairing the immune system resulting in infection. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the prevalence of zinc deficiency in Thai children who were admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of the dengue viral infection. Standard cut-off values according to age, sex, time of blood collection, and fasting status were used to define zinc levels. 32 patients were included in the analysis: The mean age was 7.3 years, of whom 56.3% were males. 11 (34.4%) patients were diagnosed with dengue hemorrhagic fever and the remaining had dengue fever. The prevalence of zinc deficiency was 46.7%, with boys having a higher risk of zinc deficiency than girls (OR=7.3: 95%CI: 1.5-36.6). Fever duration and length of hospital stay were longer in children with zinc deficiency compared to those who had normal levels, albeit without a significant difference. The results of this study provide the rationale for larger studies that will better elucidate the relationship between zinc levels and the clinical outcomes of dengue disease.

Study Type : Human Study

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Sayer Ji
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