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Abstract Title:

Fermented Ginseng Extract, BST204, Suppresses Tumorigenesis and Migration of Embryonic Carcinoma through Inhibition of Cancer Stem Cell Properties.

Abstract Source:

Molecules. 2020 Jul 8 ;25(14). Epub 2020 Jul 8. PMID: 32650569

Abstract Author(s):

Jong Woo Park, Jee Hun Park, Jeung-Whan Han

Article Affiliation:

Jong Woo Park

Abstract:

The pharmacological effects of BST204-a fermented ginseng extract-on several types of cancers have been reported. However, the effects of ginseng products or single ginsenosides against cancer stem cells are still poorly understood. In this study, we identified the anti-tumorigenic and anti-invasive activities of BST204 through the suppression of the cancer stem cell marker, CD133. The treatment of embryonic carcinoma cells with BST204 induced the expression of the tumor suppressor protein, p53, which decreased the expression of cell cycle regulatory proteins and downregulated the expression of CD133 and several stemness transcription factors. These changes resulted in both the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. The knockdown of CD133 suggests that it has a role in tumorigenesis, but not in cancer cell proliferation or cell cycle arrest. Treatment with BST204 resulted in the reduced expression of the mesenchymal marker, N-cadherin, and the increased expression of the epithelial marker, E-cadherin, leading to the suppression of tumor cell migration and invasion. The knockdown of CD133 also exhibited an anti-invasive effect, indicating the role of CD133 in tumor invasion. The single ginsenosides Rg3 and Rh2-major components of BST204-exhibited limited effects against cancer stem cells compared to BST204, suggesting possible synergism among several ginsenoside compounds.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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