Abstract Title:

Does episiotomy prevent perineal trauma and pelvic floor relaxation?

Abstract Source:

Online J Curr Clin Trials. 1992 Jul 1 ;Doc No 10:[6019 words; 65 paragraphs]. PMID: 1343606

Abstract Author(s):

M C Klein, R J Gauthier, S H Jorgensen, J M Robbins, J Kaczorowski, B Johnson, M Corriveau, R Westreich, K Waghorn, M M Gelfand

Article Affiliation:

Department of Family Medicine, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of the current practice of liberally or routinely employing episiotomy to prevent perineal tears and pelvic floor relaxation (control group) to a policy of restricting episiotomy use to specific fetal and maternal indications (experimental group).

DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial (RCT).

SETTING: Three university hospitals in Montreal.

SUBJECTS: Seven hundred three low-risk women enrolled at 30 to 34 weeks of gestation were randomized late in labor to the designated trial arm, by parity, and followed up to 3 months postpartum.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Antepartum and postpartum information on perineal trauma and pain, pelvic floor symptoms (urinary incontinence), and sexual activity was collected through the use of standard questionnaires; pelvic floor function was measured by electromyographic (EMG) perineometry.

RESULTS: Restricting episiotomy use in primiparous women was associated with similar sutured perineal trauma to the liberal or routine approach. Multiparous women in the restricted episiotomy group more often gave birth with an intact perineum (31% compared with 19%, odds ratio (OR) = 1.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09 to 3.16). All but one 3rd/4th-degree perineal tear was associated with median episiotomy (46 of 47 in primiparous women and 6 of 6 among multiparous women). No difference between trial groups was found in postpartum perineal pain, antepartum and 3-month postpartum EMG perineometry, and urinary and pelvic floor symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that liberal or routine use of episiotomy prevents perineal trauma or pelvic floor relaxation. Virtually all severe perineal trauma was associated with median episiotomy. Restriction of episiotomy use among multiparous women resulted in significantly more intact perineums and less perineal suturing.

Study Type : Human Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.