n/a
Abstract Title:

Dysbiosis of gut microbiota by chronic coexposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles and bisphenol A: Implications for host health in zebrafish.

Abstract Source:

Environ Pollut. 2017 Nov 27 ;234:307-317. Epub 2017 Nov 27. PMID: 29190539

Abstract Author(s):

Lianguo Chen, Yongyong Guo, Chenyan Hu, Paul K S Lam, James C W Lam, Bingsheng Zhou

Article Affiliation:

Lianguo Chen

Abstract:

Gut microbiota is of critical relevance to host health. However, toxicological understanding of environmental pollutants on gut microbiota is limited, not to mention their combined effects. In the present study, adult zebrafish (Danio rerio) were exposed to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2; 100 μg/L), bisphenol A (BPA; 0, 2, and 20 μg/L) or their binary mixtures for three months. Sequencing of 16S rRNA amplicons found that nano-TiO2 and BPA coexposure shifted the intestinal microbial community, interacting in an antagonistic manner when the BPA concentration was low but in a synergistic manner at a higher BPA concentration. Sex- and concentration-dependent responses to the coexposure regime were also observed for zebrafish growth and intestinal health (e.g. neurotransmission, epithelial barrier permeability, inflammation, and oxidative stress). Correlation analysis showed that oxidative stress after nano-TiO2 and BPA coexposure was tightly associated with the imbalanced ratio of pathogenic Lawsonia and normal metabolic Hyphomicrobium, where higher abundance of Lawsonia but lower abundance of Hyphomicrobium were induced concurrently. A positive relationship was observed between zebrafish body weight and the abundance of Bacteroides in the gut, which was also closely associated with the genera of Anaerococcus, Finegoldia, and Peptoniphilus. This study revealed, for the first time, the combined effects of nano-TiO2 and BPA coexposure on the dynamics of the gut microbiome, which proved to have toxicological implications for zebrafish host health.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.