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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Diallyl Disulfide Mitigates DNA Damage and Spleen Tissue Effects After Irradiation.

Abstract Source:

Med Sci Monit. 2019 Nov 24 ;25:8920-8927. Epub 2019 Nov 24. PMID: 31760404

Abstract Author(s):

Tetsuo Nakajima, Guillaume Vares, Yasuharu Ninomiya, Bing Wang, Takanori Katsube, Kaoru Tanaka, Kouichi Maruyama, Mitsuru Nenoi

Article Affiliation:

Tetsuo Nakajima

Abstract:

BACKGROUND Several factors found in foods are beneficial to human health and they may contribute to radiation protection. Taking food factors could be an easy way to reduce the effects of radiation after nuclear accidents, as well as secondary radiation risks after cancer radiotherapy or space missions. Here, diallyl disulfide (DADS), a component of garlic oil, was studied for its ability to mitigate radiation damage. MATERIAL AND METHODS We investigated the effects of DADS on micronucleus (MN) formation and apoptosis in HepG2 cells by use of 4-Gy X-ray irradiation. We also assessed the effects of DADS on radiation damage in vivo by evaluating MN formation in bone marrow cells in mice (BALB/c, 8-week-old females) after oral intake of DADS prior to irradiation with 4 Gy. Several tissue effects were also investigated. RESULTS The presence of DADS inhibited MN formation, whereas DADS had no influence on the radiation-induced inhibition of cell cycle progression in HepG2 cells. An increase in apoptosis in HepG2 cells was induced after irradiation, and this effect was stronger in the presence of DADS than in its absence. In mice, when DADS was administered daily for 3 days prior to irradiation, MN formation in irradiated mice was decreased. The decrease in MN formation in mice was greater with 0.5% DADS compared to 1% DADS. Moreover, an increase in spleen weight observed 3 weeks after irradiation was suppressed in mice administered DADS. CONCLUSIONS DADS is a potential radiation-protective agent that effectively mitigates DNA damage, and its effects in the spleen observed after irradiation may be related to inflammation and carcinogenesis.

Study Type : Animal Study

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