Abstract Title:

[Modulation of intestinal mucosal inflammatory factors by curcumin in rats with colitis].

Abstract Source:

Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao. 2004 Dec;24(12):1353-8. PMID: 15604057

Abstract Author(s):

Yan-ting Jian, Ji-de Wang, Guo-feng Mai, Ya-li Zhang, Zhuo-sheng Lai

Article Affiliation:

Institute of Digestive Disease of PLA, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China. zhangyl@fimmu.com

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of modulation of intestinal mucosal inflammatory factors by curcumin, the inhibitor of the transcriptional factor nuclear factor -kappaB (NF-kappaB), in rats with trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis, and screen for a targeted therapeutic agent for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

METHODS: Rats with TNBS-induced colitis were fed with diet containing 2.0% curcumin (treatment group), 0.5% sulfasalazine (SASP, positive control group), and normal diet (model group and negative control group). Changes in colonic mucosal histological scores were evaluated and the cytokine mRNA expressions in the colonic tissue assessed by semiquantitative reverse transcriptional PCR (RT-PCR).

RESULTS: Treatment with curcumin ameliorated the histopathologic signs in rats with TNBS-induced intestinal inflammation. Curcumin and sulfasalazine obviously suppressed the high expression of proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1beta mRNA and increased the low expression of IL-10 mRNA in the colonic mucosa. Expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-4 mRNA was detected in none of the groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Curcumin could modulate the expressions of IL-1beta and IL-10 mRNA in murine model of IBD, which suggests the potential of curcumin as a targeted therapeutic agent for IBD.

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