Abstract Title:

The curry spice curcumin attenuates beta-amyloid-induced toxicity through beta-catenin and PI3K signaling in rat organotypic hippocampal slice culture.

Abstract Source:

Neurol Res. 2013 Oct ;35(8):857-66. Epub 2013 May 14. PMID: 23816368

Abstract Author(s):

Juliana Bender Hoppe, Rudimar Luiz Frozza, Elisa Nicoloso Simões Pires, André Bevilacqua Meneghetti, Christianne Salbego

Article Affiliation:

Juliana Bender Hoppe


OBJECTIVE: Accumulating evidence indicates that curcumin potently protects against beta-amyloid (Abeta) due to its oxygen free radicals scavenging and anti-inflammatory properties. However, cellular mechanisms that may underlie the neuroprotective effect of curcumin in Abeta-induced toxicity are not fully understood yet. The present study was undertaken to investigate the mechanisms involved in neuroprotective effects of curcumin, particularly involving Wnt/beta-catenin and PI3K pathways.

METHODS: Organotypic hippocampal slice cultures were treated with curcumin and exposed to Abeta1-42 for 48 hours. Synaptic dysfunction, cell death, ROS formation, neuroinflammation and beta-catenin, Akt, and GSK-3beta phosphorylation were measured to determine the effects of curcumin against Abeta toxicity.

RESULTS: Curcumin significantly attenuated Abeta-induced cell death, loss of synaptophysin, and ROS generation. Furthermore, curcumin was able to decrease IL-6 release and increase IL-10 release, and prevented glial activation. The phosphorylation of beta-catenin was avoided and the levels of free beta-catenin were increased by curcumin to promote cell survival upon treatment with Abeta. Curcumin, in the presence of Abeta, activated Akt which in turn phosphorylates GSK-3beta, and resulted in the inhibition of GSK-3beta. The presence of LY294002, an inhibitor of PI3K pathway, blocked the pro-survival effect of curcumin.

DISCUSSION: These results reinforce the neuroprotective effects of curcumin on Abeta toxicity and add some evidence that its mechanism may involve beta-catenin and PI3K signaling pathway in organotypic hippocampal slice culture.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.