Abstract Title:

Curcumin ameliorates ethanol and nonethanol experimental pancreatitis.

Abstract Source:

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Jan;284(1):G85-95. PMID: 12488237

Abstract Author(s):

Ilya Gukovsky, Christopher N Reyes, Eva C Vaquero, Anna S Gukovskaya, Stephen J Pandol

Article Affiliation:

Research Center for Alcoholic Liver and Pancreatic Diseases and Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles and Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, 90073, USA. igukovsk@ucla.edu

Abstract:

Treatments for pancreatitis are limited. Activation of transcription factor NF-kappaB, a key regulator of inflammatory molecule expression, is an early event in experimental pancreatitis and correlates with the inflammatory response. We report here that curcumin, a natural phytochemical known to inhibit NF-kappaB and activator protein (AP)-1, another important proinflammatory transcription factor, ameliorates pancreatitis in two rat models. In both cerulein pancreatitis and pancreatitis induced by a combination of ethanol diet and low-dose CCK, curcumin improved the severity of the disease as measured by a number of parameters (histology, serum amylase, pancreatic trypsin, and neutrophil infiltration). Curcumin markedly inhibited NF-kappaB and AP-1 activation, assessed by DNA binding and degradation of inhibitory IkappaB proteins, and the induction of mRNAs for cytokines IL-6 and TNF-alpha, the chemokine KC, and inducible nitric oxide synthase in pancreas. Curcumin also blocked CCK-induced NF-kappaB and AP-1 activation in isolated pancreatic acini. Our findings indicate that blocking key signals of the inflammatory response ameliorates pancreatitis in both ethanol and nonethanol models. They suggest that curcumin, which is currently in clinical trials for cancer prevention, may be useful for treatment of pancreatitis.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.