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Abstract Title:

Ginsenosides Rg5 and Rk1 Enriched Cultured Wild Ginseng Root Extract Bioconversion of: Effect on Scopolamine-Induced Memory Dysfunction in Mice.

Abstract Source:

Nutrients. 2019 May 20 ;11(5). Epub 2019 May 20. PMID: 31137483

Abstract Author(s):

Kyu Sup An, Yeo Ok Choi, So Min Lee, Hyeon Yeol Ryu, Su Jin Kang, Yong Yeon, Yu Ri Kim, Jae Geun Lee, Chul Joong Kim, Ye Ji Lee, Byeong Ju Kang, Jee Eun Choi, Kyung Seuk Song

Article Affiliation:

Kyu Sup An

Abstract:

Wild ginseng is known to contain additional physiologically and pharmacologically active substances than common ginseng. The utilization of this herb can be maximized by altering its composition via tissue culture generating adventitious roots. We enriched the content of specific ginsenosides and investigated their role in ameliorating memory impairment. Cultured wild ginseng root was subjected to extraction, steaming, and fermentation usingto enhance the levels of ginsenosides Rg5 /Rk1. The analysis of product, HLJG0701, confirmed target ginsenosides. We analyzed the inhibitory effect of ginsenoside Rg5/Rk1, HLJG0701 and the raw material on acetylcholinesterase. Further, we performed Morris water maze, Y-maze, and passive avoidance tasks with mice exhibiting memory deficit induced by scopolamine, and we analyzed the concentrations of acetylcholinesterase and acetylcholine in their brains. Studies showed that the levels of ginsenosides Rg5 /Rk1, not found in the raw material, were enhanced in HLJG0701. Ginsenosides and HLJG0701 significantly inhibited acetylcholinesterase unlike the raw material. In all behavioral tasks, HLJG0701 showed memory improvement. It reduced acetylcholinesterase, whereas, it preserved acetylcholine in brain. In conclusion, cultured wild ginseng root extract fermented bycontains the distinctive ginsenosides Rg5/Rk1, which may ameliorate memory impairment via inhibition of acetylcholinesterase resulting in increased acetylcholine levels in the brain.

Study Type : Animal Study

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