Abstract Title:

Anti-atherogenic effect of coenzyme Q10 in apolipoprotein E gene knockout mice.

Abstract Source:

Free Radic Biol Med. 2000 Aug;29(3-4):295-305. PMID: 11035258

Abstract Author(s):

P K Witting, K Pettersson, J Letters, R Stocker

Article Affiliation:

Biochemistry Group, Heart Research Institute, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

Abstract:

Oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) lipid is implicated in atherogenesis and certain antioxidants inhibit atherosclerosis. Ubiquinol-10 (CoQ10H2) inhibits LDL lipid peroxidation in vitro although it is not known whether such activity occurs in vivo, and, if so, whether this is anti-atherogenic. We therefore tested the effect of ubiquinone-10 (CoQ10) supplemented at 1% (w/w) on aortic lipoprotein lipid peroxidation and atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE-/-) mice fed a high-fat diet. Hydroperoxides of cholesteryl esters and triacylglycerols (together referred to as LOOH) and their corresponding alcohols were used as the marker for lipoprotein lipid oxidation. Atherosclerosis was assessed by morphometry at the aortic root, proximal and distal arch, and the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta. Compared to controls, CoQ10-treatment increased plasma coenzyme Q, ascorbate, and the CoQ10H2:CoQ10 + CoQ10H2 ratio, decreased plasma alpha-tocopherol (alpha-TOH), and had no effect on cholesterol and cholesterylester alcohols (CE-OH). Plasma from CoQ10-supplemented mice was more resistant to ex vivo lipid peroxidation. CoQ10 treatment increased aortic coenzyme Q and alpha-TOH and decreased the absolute concentration of LOOH, whereas tissue cholesterol, cholesteryl esters, CE-OH, and LOOH expressed per bisallylic hydrogen-containing lipids were not significantly different. CoQ10-treatment significantly decreased lesion size in the aortic root and the ascending and the descending aorta. Together these data show that CoQ10 decreases the absolute concentration of aortic LOOH and atherosclerosis in apoE-/- mice.

Study Type : Animal Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.