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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Carnosine inhibits glioblastoma growth independent from PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling.

Abstract Source:

PLoS One. 2019 ;14(6):e0218972. Epub 2019 Jun 27. PMID: 31247000

Abstract Author(s):

Henry Oppermann, Helene Faust, Ulrike Yamanishi, Jürgen Meixensberger, Frank Gaunitz

Article Affiliation:

Henry Oppermann

Abstract:

Glioblastoma is a high-grade glioma with poor prognosis even after surgery and standard therapy. Here, we asked whether carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine), a naturally occurring dipeptide, exert its anti-neoplastic effect on glioblastoma cells via PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling. Therefore, glioblastoma cells from the lines U87 and T98G were exposed to carnosine, to the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin and to the PI3K inhibitor Ly-294,002. Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK4) expression, known to be a target of PI3K/Akt/mTOR, and which is also affected by carnosine, was analyzed by RT-qPCR, and reporter gene assays with the human PDK4 promoter were performed. Cell viability was assessed by cell-based assays and mTOR and Akt phosphorylation by Western blotting. Rapamycin and Ly-294,002 increased PDK4 mRNA expression in both cell lines but significance was only reached in U87. Carnosine significantly increased expression in both lines. A significant combinatorial effect of carnosine was only detected in U87 when the dipeptide was combined with Ly-294,002. Reporter gene assays revealed no specific effect of carnosine on the human PDK4 promoter, whereas both inhibitors increased reporter gene expression. Rapamycin reduced phosphorylation of mTOR, and Ly-294,002 that of Akt. A significant reduction of Akt phosphorylation was observed in the presence of carnosine in U87 but not in T98G, and carnosine had no effect on mTOR phosphorylation. Cell viability as determined by ATP in cell lysates was reduced only in the presence of carnosine. We conclude that carnosine's anti-neoplastic effect is independent from PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling. As the dipeptide reduced viability in tumor cells that do not respond to PI3K or mTOR inhibitors, it appears to be worth to further investigate the mechanisms by which carnosine exerts its anti-tumor effect and to consider it for therapy, especially as it is a naturally occurring compound thathas already been used for the treatment of other diseases without indication of side-effects.

Study Type : In Vitro Study
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Pharmacological Actions : Antiproliferative : CK(4773) : AC(3450)

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