n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Degradation of MCL-1 by bufalin reverses acquired resistance to osimertinib in EGFR-mutant lung cancer.

Abstract Source:

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2019 Sep 15 ;379:114662. Epub 2019 Jul 10. PMID: 31301315

Abstract Author(s):

Fei Cao, Ya-Bin Gong, Xiao-Hong Kang, Zhi-Hong Lu, Ying Wang, Ke-Lei Zhao, Zhan-Hui Miao, Ming-Juan Liao, Zhen-Ye Xu

Article Affiliation:

Fei Cao

Abstract:

Although osimertinib, an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has become the standard therapy for treating non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with EGFR-activating mutation, upregulation of MCL-1 induces acquired resistance to osimertinib. Bufalin, a natural digoxin-like ingredient isolated from a traditional Chinese medicine Chan Su, has been shown to downregulate MCL-1 in NSCLC cells. However, whether bufalin reverses this acquired resistance to osimertinib in NSCLC cells remains unclear. In this study, bufalin reduced cell viability and promoted apoptosis in osimertinib-resistant cells. Moreover, co-treatment with bufalin and osimertinib restored the sensitivity of osimertinib-resistant cells to osimertinib-induced growth regression and apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, MEK/ERK-dependent MCL-1 phosphorylation and Ku70-mediated MCL-1 overexpression confer osimertinib resistance in EGFR-mutant NSCLC cells. In osimertinib-resistant cells, bufalin modulates Ku70-mediated MCL-1 degradation, but not MEK/ERK/MCL-1 signaling. In conclusion, our study suggests that bufalin eliminates resistance to osimertinib by inhibiting Ku70-mediated MCL-1 overexpression, indicating that a combination of osimertinib and bufalin could be an effective additional treatment to overcome acquired resistance to osimertinib in NSCLC cells.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study

Print Options


Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.