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Abstract Title:

Sex-dependent effects of bisphenol A on type 1 diabetes development in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice.

Abstract Source:

Arch Toxicol. 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2. PMID: 30600366

Abstract Author(s):

Joella Xu, Guannan Huang, Tamas Nagy, Quincy Teng, Tai L Guo

Article Affiliation:

Joella Xu

Abstract:

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease caused by immune-mediated pancreaticβ-cell destruction. The endocrine disrupting chemical bisphenol A (BPA) has widespread human exposure and can modulate immune function and the gut microbiome (GMB), which may contribute to the increasing T1D incidence worldwide. It was hypothesized that BPA had sex-dependent effects on T1D by modulating immune homeostasis and GMB. Adult female and male non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice were orally administered BPA at environmentally relevant doses (30 or 300 µg/kg). Antibiotic-treated adult NOD females were exposed to 0 or 30 µg/kg BPA. BPA accelerated T1D development in females, but delayedmales from T1D. Consistently, females had a shift towards pro-inflammation (e.g., increased macrophages and Bacteroidetes), while males had increases in anti-inflammatory immune factors and a decrease in both anti- and pro-inflammatory GMB. Although bacteria altered during sub-acute BPA exposure differed from bacteria altered from chronic BPA exposure in both sexes, the GMB profile was consistently pro-inflammatory in females, while males had a general decrease of both anti- and pro-inflammatory gut microbes. However, treatment of females with the antibiotic vancomycin failed to prevent BPA-induced glucose intolerance, suggesting changes in Gram-positive bacteria were not a primary mechanism. In conclusion, BPA exposure was found to have sex dimorphic effects on T1D with detrimental effects in females, and immunomodulation was identified as the primary mechanism.

Study Type : Animal Study

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