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Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Combination of Biochanin A and Temozolomide Impairs Tumor Growth by Modulating Cell Metabolism in Glioblastoma Multiforme.

Abstract Source:

Anticancer Res. 2019 Jan ;39(1):57-66. PMID: 30591440

Abstract Author(s):

Vilas Desai, Aditi Jain, Hoora Shaghaghi, Ross Summer, James C K Lai, Alok Bhushan

Article Affiliation:

Vilas Desai

Abstract:

BACKGROUND/AIM: Several epidemiological studies have reported the chemopreventive potential of biochanin A, in cancer development and progression. We investigated the anticancer potential of combination of biochanin A and temozolomide against U-87 MG and T98 G [glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)] cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the effect of biochanin A and temozolomide treatment on cell viability, expression of survival proteins, cell cycle, cell metabolism and mitochondrial function.

RESULTS: Enhanced inhibitory effects of the combination treatment were observed on cell viability, expression of cell survival proteins EGFR, p-ERK, p-AKT, c-myc and MT-MMP1, and increased expression of the tumor suppressor, p-p53. Combination treatment also induced arrest in the Gphase of the cell cycle. A shift in the metabolic phenotype of cells from glycolytic to oxidative phosphorylation was observed on combination treatment and the permeabilized cells showed a significant impairment in complex IV activity.

CONCLUSION: Biochanin A significantly enhanced the anticancer efficacy of temozolomide in GBM cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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