Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Astaxanthin protects against osteoarthritis via Nrf2: a guardian of cartilage homeostasis.

Abstract Source:

Aging (Albany NY). 2019 Nov 26 ;11. Epub 2019 Nov 26. PMID: 31772142

Abstract Author(s):

Kai Sun, Jiahui Luo, Xingzhi Jing, Jiachao Guo, Xudong Yao, Xiaoxia Hao, Yaping Ye, Shuang Liang, Jiamin Lin, Genchun Wang, Fengjing Guo

Article Affiliation:

Kai Sun


SCOPE: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive disease characterized by cartilage degradation. Astaxanthin (Ast), a natural compound with remarkable antioxidant activity and multiple medical applications due to its activation of Nrf2 signaling, has been studied for application to various degenerative diseases. Currently, however, little is known about its efficacy in treating OA. This study reports the effects of Ast on cartilage homeostasis in OA progression.

RESULTS: Ast attenuated ECM degradation of OA chondrocytes through the Nrf2 signaling, and ameliorated the IL-1β-induced inflammatory response and ECM degradation via blockade of MAPK signaling. Additionally, Ast alleviated TNF-α-induced ECM degradation and chondrocyte apoptosis by inhibiting the NF-κB signaling, suppressed TBHP-induced oxidative stress, and subsequently reduced chondrocyte apoptosis.results were finally corroboratedby demonstrating that Ast attenuates the severity of cartilage destruction in a mouse model of OA.

CONCLUSIONS: Ast could protect against osteoarthritis via the Nrf2 signaling, suggesting Ast might be a potential therapeutic supplement for OA treatment.

METHODS: IL-1β, TNF-α, and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) were used to impair cartilage homeostasis. Modulating effects of Ast on the Nrf2 signaling pathway, and damage-associated events including extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, inflammation, oxidative stress, chondrocyte apoptosis, andcartilage degradation were examined.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

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