Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

Antiproliferative and cytotoxic effects of grape pomace and grape seed extracts on colorectal cancer cell lines.

Abstract Source:

Food Sci Nutr. 2019 Sep ;7(9):2948-2957. Epub 2019 Aug 2. PMID: 31572588

Abstract Author(s):

José M Pérez-Ortiz, Luis F Alguacil, Elisabet Salas, Isidro Hermosín-Gutiérrez, Sergio Gómez-Alonso, Carmen González-Martín

Article Affiliation:

José M Pérez-Ortiz


Grape pomace is the source of bioactive compounds (anthocyanins, flavonols, flavan-3-ols, and stilbenes) which exhibit antiproliferative actions on cell cultures. We have investigated the antitumoral effects of grape pomace and grape seed extracts on colon cancer cells (Caco-2, HT-29) and fibroblasts. Crude extracts prepared from white and red pomace, and grape seeds, reduced the viability and proliferation of Caco-2. HT-29 cells were resistant to these actions. Purified extracts were then prepared from the same sources and compared with the LDH test; again, all three extracts were active and purified extract from grape seed was the most potent and specific on Caco-2 cells. HT-29 cells were more sensitive to these purified extracts. The biological activity resided almost exclusively in the flavonol and flavan-3-ols subfractions, rather than the anthocyanin subfraction. Preliminary results on the mechanisms involved in these effects revealed downregulation of Myc gene expression in HT-29 and upregulation of Ptg2 in Caco-2 cells.

Study Type : In Vitro Study

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.