Abstract Title:

Anti-virulence activity of polyphenolic fraction isolated from Kombucha against Vibrio cholerae.

Abstract Source:

Microb Pathog. 2019 Dec 14:103927. Epub 2019 Dec 14. PMID: 31846743

Abstract Author(s):

Debanjana Bhattacharya, Ritam Sinha, Priyadarshini Mukherjee, Debaki Ranjan Howlader, Dhrubajyoti Nag, Soumyadev Sarkar, Hemanta Koley, Jeffrey H Withey, Ratan Gachhui

Article Affiliation:

Debanjana Bhattacharya


The use of traditional foods and beverages or their bioactive compounds as anti-virulence agents is a new alternative method to overcome the increased global emergence of antimicrobial resistance in enteric pathogens. In the present study, we investigated the anti-virulence activity of a polyphenolic fraction previously isolated from Kombucha, a 14-day fermented beverage of sugared black tea, against Vibrio cholerae O1. The isolated fraction was mainly composed of the polyphenols catechin and isorhamnetin. The fraction, the individual polyphenols and the combination of the individual polyphenols significantly inhibited bacterial swarming motility and expression of flagellar regulatory genes motY and flaC, even at sub-inhibitory concentrations. The polyphenolic compounds also decreased bacterial protease secretion and mucin penetration in vitro. In vivo study revealed that the polyphenolic fraction significantly inhibited V. cholerae induced fluid accumulation in the rabbit ileal loop model and intestinal colonization in suckling mice model. Therefore, the anti-virulence activity of the Kombucha polyphenolic fraction involved inhibition of motility and protease secretion of V. cholerae, thus preventing bacterial penetration through the mucin layer as well as fluid accumulation and bacterial colonization in the intestinal epithelial cells. The overall results implied that Kombucha might be considered as a potential alternative source of anti-virulence polyphenols against V. cholerae. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the anti-virulence activity of Kombucha, mostly attributed to its polyphenolic content.

Study Type : Animal Study, In Vitro Study
Additional Links
Pharmacological Actions : Antiviral Agents : CK(1307) : AC(596)

Print Options

Key Research Topics

Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2021 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.