n/a
Article Publish Status: FREE
Abstract Title:

α-Tocopherol at Nanomolar Concentration Protects Cortical Neurons against Oxidative Stress.

Abstract Source:

Int J Mol Sci. 2017 Jan 21 ;18(1). Epub 2017 Jan 21. PMID: 28117722

Abstract Author(s):

Irina O Zakharova, Tatiana V Sokolova, Yulia A Vlasova, Liubov V Bayunova, Maria P Rychkova, Natalia F Avrova

Article Affiliation:

Irina O Zakharova

Abstract:

The aim of the present work is to study the mechanism of theα-tocopherol (α-T) protective action at nanomolar and micromolar concentrations against H₂O₂-induced brain cortical neuron death. The mechanism of α-T action on neurons at its nanomolar concentrations characteristic for brain extracellular space has not been practically studied yet. Preincubation with nanomolar and micromolar α-T for 18 h was found to increase the viability of cortical neurons exposed to H₂O₂; α-T effect was concentration-dependent in the nanomolar range. However, preincubation with nanomolar α-T for 30 min was not effective. Nanomolar and micromolar α-T decreased the reactive oxygen species accumulation induced in cortical neurons by the prooxidant. Using immunoblotting it was shown that preincubation with α-T at nanomolar and micromolar concentrations for 18 h prevented Akt inactivation and decreased PKCδ activation induced in cortical neurons by H₂O₂. α-T prevented the ERK1/2 sustained activation during 24 h caused by H₂O₂. α-T at nanomolar and micromolar concentrations prevented a great increase of the proapoptotic to antiapoptotic proteins (Bax/Bcl-2) ratio, elicited by neuron exposure to H₂O₂. The similar neuron protection mechanism by nanomolar and micromolar α-T suggests that a"more is better"approach to patients' supplementation with vitamin E orα-T is not reasonable.

Print Options


Sayer Ji
Founder of GreenMedInfo.com

Subscribe to our informative Newsletter & get Nature's Evidence-Based Pharmacy

Our newsletter serves 500,000 with essential news, research & healthy tips, daily.

Download Now

500+ pages of Natural Medicine Alternatives and Information.

This website is for information purposes only. By providing the information contained herein we are not diagnosing, treating, curing, mitigating, or preventing any type of disease or medical condition. Before beginning any type of natural, integrative or conventional treatment regimen, it is advisable to seek the advice of a licensed healthcare professional.

© Copyright 2008-2020 GreenMedInfo.com, Journal Articles copyright of original owners, MeSH copyright NLM.